Our sex hormones play such an important part in our overall health and well-being. Essentially they make us who we are. Studies have shown that not only do sex hormones determine whether we develop male or female characteristics but they also influence our brain to the point of directing whether we think like a man or a woman.
When we are imbalanced in our sex hormone levels there can be significant detrimental consequences to our physical, mental and sexual health. It is of surprise to me to find so many of my patients have sex hormone problems and it seems these problems are starting at a much younger age. In times gone by, sex hormone imbalances just kicked in as we got older (for example, menopause). But hormone problems are now being influenced by modern-day living and presenting much earlier; not surprisingly the biggest of these influences being stress and an unhealthy lifestyle.
So how do we know if we have sex hormone problems and what can we do about them if we have an imbalance? Before I answer this let us explore the role of the different sex hormones in the body; namely oestrogen, progesterone and testosterone.
Your Hormone Assailants
A number of factors from lifestyle to genetic to even normal ageing can result in hormone imbalances. The following, however, are some of the most common culprits to disrupting hormone balance that I encounter in clinical practice for both men and women.
Stress – the higher the stress levels the lower the progesterone levels in women and the lower the testosterone levels in men, as the body essentially ‘steals’ these hormones to increase production of the stress hormone cortisol.
Alcohol – consistent heavy alcohol consumption can impair testosterone levels in men due to a direct toxic effect on the testes. In women it can impair oestrogen and progesterone levels causing menstrual period problems, infertility and even miscarriage.
Caffeine – caffeine increases stress hormone release which can, in turn, lower progesterone production in women and testosterone production in men.
Diet – a diet that is high in sugary, refined foods stimulates excessive insulin release. High insulin levels can disrupt oestrogen production and inhibit progesterone release.
Abdominal fat stores – carrying too much body fat around our middles can raise oestrogen levels causing an oestrogen-to-progesterone imbalance.
Lack of exercise – exercise helps to boost testosterone levels as well as reduce stress hormone levels. A lack of exercise has been associated with lower circulating levels of testosterone.
Lack of sleep – sleep deprivation causes excess stress hormone release, which, as mentioned above, can disrupt hormone balance.
Ageing – as we age our production of hormones naturally declines. At menopause hormone levels drastically reduce, which can cause various symptoms including hot flushes, poor sleep and memory, irritability, low sex drive, vaginal dryness, and a change in body fat stores to be more centred around the abdomen. Andropause is a term used to describe the male version of menopause when testosterone levels decline. This happens from about the age of 40 for men and results in a lowering of sex drive, muscle mass, and an increase in body fat stores. There are various complementary and hormonal treatments available for the management of these symptoms as explained below.
Environmental hormone disruptors – there is preliminary research to suggest that the chemicals and hormones in our food, cosmetics, plastics and cleaning products may disrupt our hormones. As much as possible choose hormone-free meat and chicken products. Also choose natural cosmetics free from preservatives such as parabens. With regards to plastics make sure they as BPA-free e.g. drink bottles, containers.
A Word on Improving Your Sex Drive
Many factors can influence sex drive including low testosterone levels, fatigue, pain, anxiety and stress, depression, relationship stress and poor communication, as well erectile dysfunction. In order to improve your sex drive you need to look at the factors affecting your libido and address these specifically.
If low testosterone is the issue (confirmed on pathology testing) then a trial of the following may be warranted:
- Tribulus terrestris – may be helpful in improving testosterone levels in men and women. It is best taken on an empty stomach at a dose of 500–1000 mg per day.
- Indol-3–Carbinol (I3C) – this is an extract from cruciferous vegetables and may help boost testosterone levels by preventing its conversion to oestrogen. Take 200 mg twice daily.
- Testosterone – this is used in cases where testosterone levels are confirmed very low, usually in men over the age of 60 years and postmenopausal women who are experiencing very low libido due to testosterone deficiency. This is prescribed by your health practitioner.
Health FACT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hormone imbalances can start at any age from puberty and can significantly impact your physical and emotional health. Luckily, natural solutions to rebalance your hormones can be very effective.
Dr Cris Beer
Holistic Medical Doctor